The mosses in this family have three rows of leaves. The two larger ones on either side of the stem form the main visible part of the frond, while underneath the stem is the third row, smaller than the other leaves. Some species in this family have an umbrella shape to them.


Catharomnion ciliatum

This has quite a small pale frond, and can be seen in large masses on the stems of pungas and other trees, and on banks.

The leaf edges have very fine hairs on them - hence the name 'ciliatum'.


This image to the right shows the "hairy" appearance of the leaves when seen close up. and also a sporophyte.


Cyathophorum bulbosum

This one would easily be mistaken as a fern, or even a liverwort.

It seems to like damp shady areas - banks and rocks by steams.

You wont see the capsules of this one unless you look on the underneath side of the frond, where they appear on short setae (stalks) from underneath the third row of leaves.


This image shows the third row of leaves on the underside of the frond.


Hypopterygium commutatum

This moss is similar to H. rotulatum (shown further below on this page) but the margins of the underleaves are more strongly toothed, as shown in the second image.


Hypopterygium filiculaeforme

One of the most beautiful of our mosses. It is often known as "Umbrella Moss". However that name is also used for some other mosses belonging to the Hypnodendraceae family.


This image shows shows a third row of smaller leaves under the branch stem, whereas those in the Hypnodendraceae family do not have their leaves arranged in that way.


Hypopterygium rotulatum

A paler coloured umbrella moss. This species and H. commutatum (above) can look similar. However, the leaves on the underside (next image) have a different appearance.


Lopidium concinnum

This moss also has a pale colour. The specimens I have found have always been on tree trunks in damp gullies near streams.


This image shows the underside of a Lopidium frond, showing some capsules and the third row of small leaves.