Frullaniaceae

This family has very distinctive tubular or bell-shaped lobules on the underside of their leaves. They are usually epiphytes.

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Frullania nicholsonii

This is the plant with the roundish leaves in the middle of this image.

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The lobules of F. nicholsonii.

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This image shows a perianth of Frullania nicholsonii.

A perianth is a structure formed from modified leaves and encloses the developing sporophyte.

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Frullania pentapleura

This is the plant with the round leaves in this image.

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This image shows the lobules of Frullania pentapleura.

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Frullania rostrata

This is a very tiny species of Frullania. It forms fine reddish patches on tree trunks.

This image shows the underneath side of the stem with the underleaf and the lobules.

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Frullania squarrosula

Found on rocks and tree trunks, often growing in full sunlight.

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This image shows the lobules of Frullania squarrosula

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