Pluteus

This genus is always found on wood where specimens are usually growing singly. The gills are pinkish when young and the spore print is pink. The caps are dark and felty. Fifteen species have been described in NZ. Microscopic examination is required to distinguish some species.

Pluteusconcentricus07

Pluteus concentricus

This species is quite large, with some specimens being 100 mm in diam. They have conspicuous concentric ‘wrinkles’ on the cap. The pink gills have a dark edge to them. Found in beech forests.

Pluteusgills3

The gills have a conspicuous brown edge. This is caused by the large cells along the gill edge having brown pigment in them.

Pluteusch1

These large brown cells along the gill edge are known as cheilocystidia. They are filled with a brown pigment.

Pluteuspleurocys1

These thickwalled cells are found along the side of the gill and are known as pleurocystidia.

Note the 'hooks' that are on the the ends of the pleurocystidia.

Pluteusperrosus72a

Pluteus perroseus Horak

Cap diam: 15–50 mm. The stipe is swollen towards the base. Found in beech forests.

Pluteusreadarium0943a

Pluteus readiarum

This species is found in beech and broadleaf forests. The cap is a yellow-fawn colour covered with small dark brown velvety fibrils. Cap diam: up to 40 mm. The stipe is also yellowish. Found in beech and broadleaf forests.

Pluteussimilis54b

Pluteus similis

A grey species with a grey stipe. Cap diam: up to 100 mm. The gill edges are dark brown. Found in mixed broadleaf-podocarp forest.

Pluteusvelutornatus1A

Pluteus velutinornatus

A fawn coloured cap covered in dark brown to black fibrils often forming a pattern radiating out from the centre. Cap diam: up to 60–70 mm.

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